Eleven times in the KJV we read the phrase, “sons of God.” Five time in the Old Testament: Ge 6:2,4; Job 1:6; Job 2:1; Job 38:7 and six times in the New Testament: Joh 1:12; Ro 8:14,19; Php 2:15; 1Jo 3:1-2.
Just so there is no confusion as to the meaning of the phrase, “sons of God,” the Holy Spirit defines it for us in Romans 8:14, “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.” Contrary to what is commonly taught, the only time this phrase is used in reference to angels is in Job 38:6-7, “On what are its foundations fastened? or who laid its cornerstone; When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?” [See End NOTE]. It seems reasonable from this Scriptural definition that the holy angels may also be considered “sons of God.” In all the other references, it seems apparent that they are God fearing, worshiping, men and women who are being called “sons of God.” It doesn’t matter in which millennium a person is born, if the Spirit of God led that person, they are a “son of God.” From Enoch to Noah, Abraham to you, all children, all “sons of God.”
- “I have said, You are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.” (Psalm 82:6)
- I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from afar, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; (Isaiah 43:6)
In ancient cultures, demigods were considered the sons of the gods. Mythology is replete with stories of both gods and demigods cohabiting here on earth. Cannonite tradition may have been the inspiration for Genesis 6: 1-4. There is an interesting article at this LINK.
Considerable confusion has arisen in Christendom because many expositors and commentators, without contention, have force an unbiblical correlation between Genesis 6:1-4 and Jude 6. By mistakenly “assuming” that the “sons of God” in Genesis 6 are fallen angels (the fall of which would have immediately eliminate them from any form of sonship) [See END NOTE], they wrongly believe that the sin of the fallen angels in Jude 6 correlates with the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah in verse 7. But in Jude the CONTEXT is verse 4, “ungodly, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.” Jude says, beware! God will destroy these filthy defilers just as He destroyed the unbelievers of verse 5, and punished the fallen angels of Verse 6, and “even as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities round about, in like manner” were destroyed, verse 7. The CONTEXT is punishment for ungodliness, not the similitude of the sin of the angels and of Sodom/Gomorrah. Verse 8 says, likewise, “Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise authority, and speak evil of the glorious ones.” Specifically, they “despise authority” and speak evil” and “revile angelic majesties,” (NASB). In other words, godless sin, rebellion against God and unfaithfulness, will receive its just due.
There is a parallel passage in 2Peter 2:4-6 which again mentions the angels that sinned and Sodom- Gomorrah. And again, the CONTEXT is punishment of all the wicked and salvation for those who fear God.
- “For if God didn’t spare angels when they sinned, but cast them down to Tartarus , and committed them to pits of darkness, to be reserved to judgment; and didn’t spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah with seven others, a preacher of righteousness, when he brought a flood on the world of the ungodly; and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, having made them an example to those who would live ungodly;” (2 Peter 2:4-6 WEB)
All ungodliness, be it of humankind or heavenly beings, is judged and will be punished – “Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:” (Matthew 25:41)
Additional References: De 14:1; De 32:5; Ps 82:1; Ho 1:10
Exploring Scripture~because it matters-it really does!
END NOTES: International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. Concerning the references to “sons of God” in Job, I concede (with reservation) to the points expressed in part 1 of the attached article.
2. Part 2 (1) (a) & (b) of the attached article, as to the use of both phrases used in Genesis 6 (sons of God & daughters of men) I am in complete agreement.
Part 2 (2) “sons of God” are fallen angelic beings,” most modern-day scholars agree.
However, despite all the linguistic and theological gymnastics to prove their point, they miss the overriding issue: God is the only Designer and life giver. He created every creature to reproduce after its own “KIND.” There is not a single creature, be it plant or animal, human, that wasn’t designed by God. Spiritual beings are never referred to as “creatures.” When designing His “heavenly hosts,” He did not endow them with the ability or desire to procreate. Quite clearly, Jesus emphatically states in Matthew 22:30; Mark 12:25 that spiritual beings do NOT marry.
NEPHILIN: Read Genesis 6:4 carefully, in context. It states absolutely that the Nephilim were already on the earth BEFORE the marriage of the “sons of God” with the “daughters of men.”
Daughters of Men